Over 400 brands and retailers are NOW OPEN at Doha Festival City offering shoppers their favorite summer fashion, beauty, and accessories essentials as well as specialty stories including homewares, fitness, and sport.
Doha, Qatar – 2 July 2020: As part of the second phase of the gradual lifting of COVID-19 restrictions in Qatar, Doha Festival City, Qatar's one and only destination for shopping has expanded its reopening capacity to welcome back shoppers to their favorite shops and brands.
Visitors can now shop from all their favorite fashion, home décor, electronics, accessories and beauty brands, with an extended capacity of up to 50% of the regular mall capacity, while still maintaining the preventive measures of social distancing in each store.
In addition, food enthusiasts can get their ......read more
• Expectations for the pace of economic recovery must be realistic, but many GCC countries can be optimistic for 2021.
By Edris Alrafi, Head of Middle East & Africa for Aberdeen Standard investments (ASI)
June 28, 2020: The aftermath of the economic and market turbulence due to Covid-19 has redefined the landscape for GCC member states. A relatively bleak growth outlook requires a shift in expectations – with a recovery unlikely until 2021.
However, some GCC countries such as the UAE, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia are well placed to ensure this recovery becomes a reality as their strong Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) will pay a vital role in helping the economies get back on their feet.
As with other regions globally, the growth outlook for the Middle East has suffered from ......read more
From Nickeisha Thomas, Counsellor at ACS International School Doha
Dubai, United Arab Emirates, June 08, 2020: Across the world, the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has affected us one way or another. In Qatar, as with all other schools in the country, ACS International School Doha has been closed since March under government directive.
In the wake of a global crisis, schools have turned to remote learning techniques to maintain education continuity. With parents and children working from home together, families are forced to cope with major changes in everyday life.
Amidst these rapidly shifting scenarios, it is easy for students to lose perspective. After all, no matter how safe and comfortable your home is, it is hard to turn it into a conducive learning ......read more
Following the launch of the FinTech Incubator and Accelerator Programs in April 2020, Qatar FinTech Hub has opened applications for wave 1 until July 31, 2020.
Doha, Qatar: 7 June 2020 – Qatar FinTech Hub “QFTH”, which is co-founded by Qatar Development Bank “QDB”, announced that applications are now open for wave 1 of its Incubator and Accelerator programs, catering to both local and global FinTech entrepreneurs and startups who are looking for a launchpad and a hub in the Middle East to accelerate their growth.
QFTH aims to develop the Fintech industry in Qatar, in accordance with the Qatar National Fintech Strategy created by Qatar Central Bank “QCB”, and to contribute and reiterate Qatar’s position as a leading international FinTech hub in the region, as ......read more
It took a global pandemic that has grounded airlines, idled factories, and kept billions of people indoors, but prices for some oil futures contracts have gone into negative territory for the first time ever.
April 28, 2020: Ever. Think about that. Not since Colonel Drake struck oil – with commercially viable methods – in Pennsylvania in 1859 has a producer had to pay customers to take crude off their hands. Together, oil and gas still supply approximately 60% of the world’s energy, and that is not to mention its myriad other uses in modern industry. So what to do when a demand slump of unprecedented size and speed has brought so low the world’s most ubiquitous commodity, one still required by so many people?
First, it is crucial to recall how we got here, specifically the fact that the ......read more
The digital and virtual tool supports the government’s ongoing response to COVID-19
Doha, Qatar 16 April 2020: Connecting For Care, an interactive online platform, has officially launched to provide social support to quarantined workers in Qatar, offering members the opportunity to talk to someone in their own language about community-related topics.
The interactive Connecting For Care website will be resourced by trained volunteers who will offer multi-lingual conversations with workers, and provide government-approved information about protective measures against COVID-19, including useful advice about staying fit and healthy and opportunities to continue learning Arabic and English languages, virtually. Through live one-on-one chats, conversations will take place in English, Arabic, Hindi, Urdu, ......read more
Doha, Qatar – April 15, 2020: As Qatar’s leading Managed IT services and Cloud Computing partner, MEEZA is supporting their clients run uninterrupted and securely during the challenging COVID-19 times thanks to its high availability IT Solutions, Business continuity services and leading partners’ collaboration tools. Partnering with a leading Qatari provider such as MEEZA helps businesses focus on their core mission during these stressful times without the added pressures of keeping the IT infrastructure operational, regardless of where the systems might reside: locally, publicly in the cloud or hosted in secure Data Centres.
The ongoing health crisis has caused disruption to businesses around the world as private and governmental entities turn to online and distant working solutions to manage ......read more
Qatar - March 30, 2020: The Public Relations Department of the Ministry of Interior is pleased to send you an awareness poster on "Prohibition of Gathering in the Public Places during the Corona Virus Disease Covid – 19 season " in various languages including Arabic, English, Hindi, Urdu, Nepalese, Bengali, Malayalam, Sinhalese, Tagalog and Tamil.
We kindly request you to follow strictly the instructions in the attached poster and to forward the same to maximum numbers of people in your contact list including your friends, colleagues, relatives and employees of your organizations and companies in order to reach the awareness to the maximum numbers of the people living around us.
Access to Healthcare Services through valid Qatar ID
Settlement of cash claims through depositing customer’s bank accounts
Qatar - March 21, 2020: In line with the precautions advised by the State of Qatar to counter the spread of COVID-19, QLM Life & Medical Insurance, the Life & Medical insurance entity of Qatar Insurance Group encourages its customers for their convenience to submit their cash reimbursements via WhatsApp message to 55896070, in addition to the member portal available on our online portal qlm-online.com, or through QLM mobile application available on IOS and Android phones. QLM has revolutionized its service offering by introducing access to all healthcare benefits through members valid Qatar ID (QID). This unique service is availed by both Qatari nationals and expatriates. ......read more
QF Entity brings together experts calling for better nutrition and support for women in the early stages of life
12 March 2020, Doha, Qatar: The Maternal and Child Health Symposium (MCH 2020), held by Sidra Medicine, a member of Qatar Foundation, wrapped up its three-day conference with key calls to action on better nutrition for women, importance of HPV vaccines in adolescent women, and investment in further research to understand pregnancy complications.
The symposium, which took place at the Qatar National Convention Centre brought together nearly 600 delegates including well-known researchers, clinicians, trainees, postdoctoral researchers, students and all members of the community to cover advancement methods in the field of reproductive health, pregnancy, fetal and post-natal life.
The ......read more
QF Entity focuses on the impact of nutrition in maternal and child health on Day 1
7 March 2020, Doha: Sidra Medicine, a member of Qatar Foundation, today hosted the first day of its Maternal and Child Health Symposium (MCH). The symposium is being held in Doha until 9th March 2020 at the Qatar National Convention Center. It aims to highlight the latest developments and innovations in maternal and child health, patient care and research.
In alignment with Qatar’s National Health Strategy 2018-2022 priority targets: Healthy women leading to healthy pregnancies, the MCH Symposium 2020 is showcasing presentations and panel sessions from more than 32 local and international experts in maternal and child health. Close to 400 delegates attended the first day of the MCH Symposium 2020.
The ......read more
Attendees participated in a series of workshops and sessions to be able to better identify child abuse and neglect as well as intervene and extend the right form of care
Stakeholders discussed enhanced case management systems to provide a seamless national case management process to ensure children are protected against the various forms of violence and abuse
19 February 2020, Doha, Qatar: Sidra Medicine, a member of Qatar Foundation, wrapped-up the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Qatar 2020 congress with a focus on child safety, domestic violence and violence against children.
ISPCAN was held in Qatar for the first time, and in alignment with the country’s efforts to advance its child protection efforts and end abuse and violence against children. ISPCAN ......read more
Under the umbrella of Qatar Foundation, Sidra Medicine brings together local and global stakeholders to discuss processes to prevent child abuse
15 February 2020, Doha, Qatar: Sidra Medicine, a member of Qatar Foundation, today hosted the opening ceremony of the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) Congress Qatar 2020.
ISPCAN is an international non-profit organization that unites a range of stakeholders to discuss various issues related to child protection, ending violence against children, local child protection action, to name a few. This is the first time the organization holds its congress in Qatar, with Sidra Medicine leading the conversation on child advocacy for children in the country and beyond.
The opening ceremony of ISPCAN ......read more
QF Entity Signals Expansion to its Women’s Services Program
30 January 2020, Doha – Sidra Medicine, a member of Qatar Foundation, has launched an Adult Pain Clinic as an expansion to its Women’s Services program.
The Women’s Adult Pain Clinic at Sidra Medicine is staffed by a team of internationally trained pain management specialists who conduct careful and comprehensive evaluations to determine the cause of the patients’ pain, offering recommendations unique to each patient’s individual needs. The clinic treats all kinds of chronic pain conditions in women, including post caesarean section/operative pain; pelvic pain; knee, shoulder or neck pain; headaches and more.
Dr. Monzer Sadek, Division Chief of Anesthesiology at Sidra Medicine, whose team launched ......read more
Expansion by QF entity highlights focus on advancing women’s health and offering more choices for women in Qatar
28 January 2020, Doha – Sidra Medicine, a member of Qatar Foundation, today announced an exciting line up of new women’s services in 2020. The strategic expansion is positioned to support the advancement of women’s health in Qatar.
Over the course of the first quarter in 2020, Sidra Medicine will expand its postpartum unit with new deluxe rooms and suites; start operating outpatient evening clinics for obstetrics and gynecology services; and offer cervical screenings. It will also launch a state-of-the-art IVF facility; open a Women’s Adult Pain Clinic; and continue its technological advances in minimally invasive gynecology surgery.
Dr. Abdulla Al ......read more
21 January 2020, Doha, Qatar- Sidra Medicine, a member of Qatar Foundation, will be hosting a conference in partnership with the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) from 15 to 17 February 2020 at the Grand Hyatt Doha.
ISPCAN Qatar 2020, is themed on ‘Child Protection, The Journey So Far and the Future Ahead’, and will focus on approaches to stop violence against children based on scientific knowledge and research. Sidra Medicine and ISPCAN are working together to create awareness around the subject, while striving to change the lives of children who are victims of abuse.
More than 10 local and international experts in child advocacy and child protection will be speaking at the ISPCAN Qatar conference. These include Linda Steele from the US National Child Advocacy Center who ......read more
Join The Color Run with friends and family on 25 January 2020 at QNCC for the Happiest 5k on the Planet
6 January 2020, Doha, Qatar: The Color Run presented by Sahtak Awalan: Your Health First, an initiative of Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, is taking place on Saturday 25 January 2020, from 7am to 12pm, at the Qatar National Convention Centre.
The sixth edition returns under the theme “Love Tour” to celebrate the bond that ties us together, and to raise awareness on the health benefits of keeping an active lifestyle.
The Color Run is a five-kilometer, untimed event. Color Runners are doused from head to toe in a different colored powder at each kilometer mark. Participants wear white at the starting line and finish the race plastered in color. Once the 5k is ......read more
25 November 2019, Doha, Qatar: Sidra Medicine today officially launched the 3rd Annual Congress of Current Understanding in Diabetes, Obesity, and Related Syndromes (CUDOS), held at the Qatar National Convention Centre.
This year’s event focuses on pediatric precision medicine, genomics and clinical research, as well as the care and treatment of children and young people with diabetes, obesity, and related syndromes. During the Congress that will run until 26 November, Sidra Medicine will highlight the latest treatments methods and their recently founded management procedures.
Day one of the congress, witnessed the opening event featuring keynote speeches by H.E Jassim Rashid AlBuenain, the Secretary General of the Qatar Olympic Committee; Dr. Elias Zerhouni, President of ......read more
Nation targets one million inbound medical tourists and USD 3.5 billion in medical tourism revenues by end of year
Dubai, UAE - November 20, 2019: Inbound medical tourism in Turkey is on the rise — the nation’s healthcare facilities have treated 264,138 medical tourists in the first six months of 2019, with end of year projections estimated at one million incoming medical tourists. This forecast will generate upwards of USD 3.5 billion in revenues, surpassing the USD 2.5 billion generated by the end of the previous year, which saw 551,748 tourists travelling into Turkey from over 120 countries to avail healthcare treatments.
“Tourists come to Turkey for a lot more than its sights; medical tourism into our cities has been climbing steadily over the last decade,” noted Salih Ozer, Attaché ......read more
Doha, 06 November 2019: As part of its expansion plan, Powerhouse Gym Qatar, the leading gym and fitness centers in Doha, celebrated yesterday the official opening of its new branch in Tawar Mall. The celebration welcomed the gym loyal members, business partners, and respected media representatives.
Powerhouse Gym Qatar, celebrated the occasion with a distinctive event hosted by the Gym’s General Manager Mr. Adel Al Ansari, where guest along with media members, were introduced to the gym’s state of the art facilities and equipment.
The gym is equipped with the best in class and market machines to the highest worldwide quality and standards. In addition, the gym is supported by some of the best trainers such as the 2018 world champion, Omer HaHamed for the Muscular Physique Category, who was ......read more
As part of The Love Tour, The Color Run will fill Qatar with colors and positive energy
31 October 2019, Doha, Qatar: The Color Run presented by Sahtak Awalan: Your Health First, an initiative of Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, is returning to Doha on Saturday 25 January 2020 at the Qatar National Convention Centre. As part of the worldwide “Love Tour”, the fun-filled day will be spreading joy and raising awareness of the health benefits of keeping an active lifestyle.
The sixth edition of the Color Run in Qatar enjoys the fun spirit that the event is known for all around the world. Participants will be soaked in bright colors as they run, walk, skip or jog along the 5km course with their family and friends. Everyone will celebrate their achievements at the end with prizes, ......read more
Doha, Qatar, 31 October 2019: Sidra Medicine successfully conducted four live surgeries on day one of its first international workshop on reconstructive pediatric urology.
The pediatric surgeries were performed by Prof. Pippi Salle, Division Chief of Urology at Sidra Medicine and chair of the workshop organizing committee as well as world-renowned international surgeons Dr. Warren Snodgrass and Dr. Nicole Bush. Dr. Warren Snodgrass and Dr. Nicole Bush are joint founders of the Hypospadias Specialty Center in Texas, U.S.A.
The surgeries were streamed live from Sidra Medicine’s Operating Rooms to more than 150 international delegates at the hospital’s main auditorium. The four patients are recovering and expected to be discharged within the next couple of days.
In addition to the live ......read more
Msheireb Properties Participates in Nationwide efforts to raise awareness on the fight against the disease
20 October 2019, Doha, Qatar: Msheireb Properties, the national real estate developer and subsidiary of Qatar Foundation, announced a series of internal and external activations as the company participates in the nationwide efforts to raise awareness on Breast Cancer during the month of October.
Last week, Msheireb Properties lit up the facades of Barahat Msheireb and Msheireb Museums in pink in recognition of the cause. Company employees also received an informative card on Breast Cancer.
On 28 October, the company is hosting a dedicated internal session for its female staff, steered by Qatar Cancer Society to further elaborate on the topic and answer any questions.
According to many Cancer ......read more
Qatar's fastest-growing Sports, Fitness and Health podcast, "Sit Down with Seth" continues on its mission to inspire fitness and an active lifestyle, and with that, this month the podcast and its comedic host Seth, are fittingly promoting changing lives through fundraising its initiative for Breast Cancer Awareness.
As Doha's first podcast dedicated to all things for an active lifestyle within Qatar, Sit Down with Seth is a key go-to platform that streams on the Facebook channel of market leaders Force Sport, and as such every Friday morning for the month of October, the platform will capture Seth competing in the global CrossFit Games Open.
Kicking off on October 10, viewers can follow Seth on a 'tour' around Qatar's prominent CrossFit locations, such as OX Fitness, T23, CrossFit Oryx and Strong Box ......read more
Doha, Qatar, 19 September 2019: Sidra Medicine will host the third iteration of its symposium CUDOS - Current Understanding on Diabetes, Obesity, and Related Syndromes. The theme for CUDOS 2019 is Innovative Concepts in Modern Diabetes Management – and will highlight the latest and exciting innovations in the treatment and management of diabetes.
A major focus at CUDOS 2019 is how Sidra Medicine is embarking on its journey towards precision medicine in the care and treatment of children and young people with diabetes. It will highlight major findings and success stories of its precision medicine program and the individualized and preventative strategies for improving prognosis and a patient’s quality of life.
CUDOS 2019 will be held from 20th to 26th November 2019 in Doha, Qatar. In addition to ......read more
Doha, Qatar, April 9, 2019: The free medical check-up organised by QIC Group’s Health & Life insurance entity QLM Life & Medical Insurance Company in celebration of The World Health Day garnered overwhelming success. Initiated now for the third year in a row, both nationals and residents alike benefitted from the free medical checkup services that were made ......read more
Doha, 3 April, 2019: QIC Group entity QLM Life & Medical Insurance Company - Qatar’s leading Health & Life Insurer is celebrating World Health Day by offering free medical check-up on 5th April (Friday) for all residents of Qatar. The campaign timings are from 8am-11am at Abeer Medical Centres (Abu Hamour & Industrial Area) & At Aster Medical Center in C- Ring Road, ......read more
Under the Patronage of Her Excellency DR Hanan Al-Kuwari
The three-day conference is aimed at medical and healthcare professionals featuring top exhibitors and speakers from around the world
30 March 2019, Doha, Qatar- Her Excellency DR Hanan Al-Kuwari, Minister of Public Health for the State of Qatar, opened today Qatar’s International Medical Devices and Health ......read more
Profeta Health - Synonym for Halal Health
All products are rigorously laboratory tested and undergo a stringent vetting process
All of our healthcare supplements are made using premium grade vitamins, minerals and ingredients
We use the latest internationally renowned scientific research to develop our products with optimum and effective levels of vitamins, minerals and active ......read more
Doha, December 06, 2018: Qatar Insurance, the leading insurer in collaboration with Syrian American Medical Center commemorated World Diabetes Day by organizing an awareness workshop for its staff. The workshop included a presentation on the risk factors for diabetes, its symptoms and early detection signs, strategies for prevention and treatment of the disease. The session also ......read more
Doha, Qatar, 21 November 2018: Qatari German Company for Medical Devices (QGMD) and Al-Jazira Healthcare group, today signed a cooperation agreement for manufacture of medical devices to be used in Qatar and to meet the needs of the local market. This initiative is in line with Qatar National Vision 2030, which aims at achieving self-sufficiency in this sector. The agreement was ......read more
Doha, Qatar - November 5, 2018: In observance of the International Breast Cancer Awareness Month, Galler Chocolatier, Qatar’s unique boutique and dining space, joined hands with the Qatar Cancer Society (QCS) to organize a health drive against one of the most curable types of cancer, which due to lack of awareness and timely treatment continues to take thousands of lives every ......read more
In cooperation with Hamad Medical Corporation
Doha, Qatar – October 28, 2018: Sealine Beach, a Murwab Resort, and Qatar’s first leisure destination, hosted a blood donation day in association with Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) on 26th of September at the resort between 9:30 am and 3:00 pm.
The campaign was part of the Sealine Beach, a Murwab Resort’s ......read more
Comment Article by TR Ganesh, General Manager, Blueair Middle East
After a long summer break, it's time for the kids in the Middle East to head back to school and focus on classes, sports and other after-school activities. It is a time of transition, not only for children but for parents. Besides being anxious about the regular and recurring worrying thoughts such as – does my child ......read more
Qatar, August 28, 2018: QIC Anaya Healthcare, the revolutionizing healthcare discount program launched by QIC Insured has now introduced the Anaya Healthcare app. Anaya Healthcare members can now get an overview of all the services and benefits offered under the program. Available for both Andriod and iPhone users, the app can be downloaded from Google Play Store or from the Apple ......read more
Doha, 12 June, 2018: In celebration of Global Wellness Day, QIC Group, the leading insurance group in the MENA region hosted a global wellness program for its employees. The program comprised a short presentation on wellness, which provoked thought amongst the attendees about the various wellness practices.
The initiatives discussed during the workshop addressed the various elements of ......read more
Dubai, UAE - April 24, 2018
The second face transplant procedure in the history of the Nordic countries was performed earlier this year in the Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa (HUS) in Finland. In the first face transplant, performed in 2016, some parts of the facial tissue were transplanted. The most recent operation was more demanding as it involved transplanting an even bigger part ......read more
Dubai, UAE, April 12, 2018: Happiness starts with a healthy well-being. But truth be told, people are so caught up with the chaotic and hectic world that health has been taken for granted and so genuine happiness becomes difficult to achieve.
In line with one of the core objectives of the UAE Ministry of Happiness to “instill a culture of happiness and positivity,” ......read more
…and 22% would give up their partner!
United Arab Emirates, 18 February 2018: Most people in the UAE get an average of seven healthy hours of sleep a night, yet we still yearn for more according to a poll* conducted by much-loved Swedish home furnishing retailer, IKEA. Work stress, kids and technology came out on top when people were asked why they were missing out on ......read more
Doha – Qatar, 18 January 2018 – As part of its efforts to bring its world-class capacity building programs to more disciplines and industries in the country, Qatar Development Bank is running an intensive Healthcare Management training program for the first time in Qatar, from the 20th to the 24th of January 2018. The 5-days event, held in collaboration with Qatar financial ......read more
UAE, June 6, 2017- Cerner Middle East & Africa today announced the appointment of two additional general managers to strengthen its client engagement model in the Middle East. Adrian Dey has been appointed as the new general manager for Qatar, and Michael Schelper, chief operating officer in the Middle East & Africa, will take on the additional role of general manager for the United Arab ......read more
Doha, Qatar, 27 April 2017: A global vision to tackle inequalities in safeguarding the world’s workforce is being unveiled by the leading chartered professional health and safety body.
While health and safety is at the heart of some of the world’s most successful organisations, over 2.3 million people die every year from work-related accidents or illness – more than the ......read more
Doha, Qatar – 8 April 2017: The Qatar Foundation for Social Work (QFSW) recently celebrated the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Mental Health Friends Association “Weyak”, in the framework of implementing QFSW’s plans and programs that strengthen partnerships with relevant stakeholders and key players in the State of Qatar, in addition to ......read more
Dubai, UAE, April 2, 2017
Welcome to LivNordic Spa & Wellness in Cayan Tower. Our thirteenth edition of our Newsletter is here to inspire you to a Nordic lifestyle & healthy living.
With March already passed we are quickly entering April. Perhaps you will have some time of during the Easter holiday? Take some time out to pamper yourself and your loved ones during the holidays. At ......read more
Offering free Bio-medical assessment of foot and Consultation with Podiatrist
People suffering with Diabetic Foot, Foot Infections or Flat Feet can get expert advice.
30th March, 2017; Dubai, UAE: To help people suffering with back pain, knee injury or any lower limb problems, RAK Diabetes Center in Jumeirah, Dubai is conducting a free one day clinic on Saturday, April 1, 2017 at their ......read more
Dubai, UAE, March 18, 2017: In today’s time and age with the wide scale spread of the corporate culture, the majority of the people spend their days working at a desk and in front of a laptop. Despite not having to do anything physical or strenuous that might strain the back directly, this makes people susceptible to back pain irrespective of the age. Long working hours coupled with ......read more
In conjunction with the State’s National Sport Day
Doha, Qatar – 16 February 2017: The Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) in collaboration with Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC) and the Primary Health Care Corporation (PHCC) has launched its “Start Now” campaign to encourage public awareness of the importance of regular physical activity and ......read more
Doha, November 28, 2016: On the occasion of World Diabetes Day, Al Khalij Commercial Bank (al khaliji) P.Q.S.C, Qatar’s next generation bank, in association with the Qatar Diabetes Association (QDA), recently organized a Diabetes Awareness Session entitled “Risk Assessment program”.
The event highlighted the importance of screening as an early detection ......read more
In collaboration with Qatar Diabetes Association
Executive Director of Qatar Diabetes Association –Qatar Foundation: number of people living with diabetes around the world is expected to rise to 642 million by 2040
Doha, Qatar, 19 November 2016: Dr. Abdulla Al Hamaq, Executive Director of Qatar Diabetes Association–Qatar Foundation opens today in Doha the Second ......read more
UAE, August 1, 2016 – With the aim to ensure the safety and health of Hajj pilgrims, the UAE Ministry of Health and Prevention (MOHAP), in cooperation with the Health Authority-Abu Dhabi (HAAD) and the Dubai Health Authority (DHA), has launched a large-scale campaign.
The awareness campaign focuses on the well-being of pilgrims, especially the elderly healthy individuals and ......read more